Page 45 - SCS Issue eleven
P. 45

   Photo from Jaguar Land Rover which has developed intelligent technology that beams a series of projections onto the road to show future intentions of the vehicle. In trials as part of the JLR's government-supported UK Autodrive project the lines with adjustable spacing shorten as the vehicle pod prepares to brake. It is part of the move to driver- less cars.
With diesel vehicles on a downward curve, and low carbon emissions increasingly in the spotlight, GTMA held its ’Manufacturing UK’ event at member supplier Yamazaki Mazak’s state-of-the-art machine tool man- ufacturing plant in Worcester in March. With 40 suppliers showcasing their prod- ucts and services delegates heard keynote presentations on the importance of meas- urement in manufacturing and how the world of automotive is rapidly changing...
There are strong implications for automo- tive value chains as driverless cars increas- ingly make their impact on the sector.
This was the message from speaker, Professor David Bailey of the Aston Business School, in his presentation on “Automotive Issues Update: Market trends, Policy issues, Trade Tensions and Brexit. New technologies
and value chain effects on the Automotive Sector.”
Earlier he had put the issue of autonomous vehicles and the growth of electric vehicles in the context of a slowing sector.
Globally, he said, China has had eight suc- cessive months of falling sales – down 16% in January through factors like an economic slowdown, Government constraint on credit growth, trade tension and uncertainty. Compare that with 2008 to 2017 when the market grew by 14% a year on average.
Yet the electric vehicle (EV) market was hot- ting up with one million EV sales in China last year and a forecast of 1.6 million sales this year.
In the UK, sales were down 7% for 2018 and down 1.6% in January, the fifth month of decline. Diesels had taken “another bash- ing” and were 30% down. There had been 22 straight months of decline and little sign of it ending. Petrol sales in the same period were up 9% and AFVs (Alternative Fuel Vehicles) up 21%.
In the EU, car registrations were stable (up 0.1% in 2018) but there was volatility – in August they were up 33% but down 24% year-on-year in September (Germany was down 31%). New WLTP testing for emis-
sions and pollutants were in force and there was an uncertain future.
In terms of auto production there was “con- siderable concern” in the UK where produc- tion slowed by 9% in 2018. A series of events had an impact with slowdowns, shut downs and job cuts at Vauxhall, Ford, Nissan and JLR.
A combination of factors were in play: Brexit, the diesel demise and China, along with clo- sure announced by Honda.
On diesels, he said, the auto industry “has collectively shot itself in the foot” as it is “still failing to get over a convincing message on which diesels are clean.” The Government's stance was also very confused and the effect of the sales slump was market pull outs by Nisssan, Toyota, Suzuki, Mitsubishi, Fiat Chrysler, Porsche and Volvo all phasing out passenger vehicle diesel sales. Others may follow.
BMW was the odd one out in committing strongly to diesel.
David also looked at the impact of Clear Air Zones (CAZ) which aim to reduce emissions in urban areas. The principle was straightfor- ward: “Ultra-low emission vehicles (ULEVs) with a significant zero emission range will
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Auto – A changing world 45-47 IMT – Encoders on offer 46 JLR and Measurement focus 47 Manchester Metrology goes fast 49 Broomfield breaks record 50 Bowers Group solution 51 WDS has a key role 51

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