Page 30 - Issue 13
P. 30

 How a boy from Kongsberg mastered the world of testing...
It is a story that begins in the shadow of the American civil war and goes across three conti- nents from those early days when industrialisation was gaining momentum.
It includes pawning diamond rings to raise capital and awards from prestigious scientific bodies and even from the King of Norway.
Tinius Olsen was born in Kongsberg, Norway, in 1845, one of eight children of a wooden gun stock maker.
He graduated from the Horten Technical School in 1866 at the head of his class, and became the foreman of the machine department at a large naval machine shop.
Olsen did not enjoy this job, and after trying to find work in Newcastle, England, left for America.
The 24 year old Olsen arrived in Philadelphia in August 1869 and at Sunday Bible classes met the Riehlés brothers, who were proprietors of a small scale-making workshop.
The Riehlés had received an urgent request for a machine to test the strength of boiler
At the heart of it is Tinius Olsen, a revolutionary from Norway, whose company of the same name celebrates its 140th anniversary this year.
Today Tinius Olsen testing machinery is used in almost all industry sectors. They are machines which lead in their fields and the company, a GTMA supplier, continues to innovate.
  plate. No such device existed at the time, and weak plate materials caused frequent boiler explosions, especially on steam boats travelling on the Mississippi.
The brothers asked Olsen to help and in his spare time he designed and drew precise plans for the first boiler-plate tensile testing machine, with a capacity of 40,000lbf.
Promotion followed quickly for Olsen. He took over the workshop and within three
years he was a Director of Riehlés. He was 27 and in the following eight years helped establish Riehlés as a manufacturer of springs and testing machines.
He was a pioneer in the business, especial- ly in the emerging field of materials testing with vertical and horizontal machines for materials used in bridge construction, loco- motive boilers and other industrial goods.
Several of these machines were exhibited at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition of 1876. But the patents remained in the hands of his employers. But when Olsen asked the Riehlés to make him a partner they refused. And informed him his services would terminate at the end of the year.
It was the catalyst that saw the formation of the Tinius Olsen company and Olsen was
  Global leaders in the manufacture and supply of Optical3D metrology prod- ucts, Bruker Alicona, has a range of optical metrology solutions that have become the de facto products for use in both tool measurement and the measurement of engineered surfaces.
Among these is its G5 system fitted with the Advanced Real3D rotation device pro- viding five axis movement.
This instrument allows the full geometrical measurement of components in a compact bench mounted system that does not
require any special environment. It can be used both in production and also in a research and development environment.
Another of its winning products is the InfiniteFocus SL system. This is a cost effi- cient optical 3D measurement system for easy, fast and traceable measurement of form and finish on micro structured sur- faces.
Users measure both form and roughness of
components with only one system. In addi- tion, colour images with high contrast and depth of focus are achieved. The long working distance of up to 33mm in combi- nation with its measurement field of 50mm x 50mm allows a wide range of applica- tions.
Measurements are achieved in seconds and features, such as a coaxial laser for quick and easy focusing, further increase usability.

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